Festivals & Fairs
Mandir Shri Bhadra Kali Ji
Location: Chak - 8, H.M.H., Hanuman Garh Town
God Worshipped:- Durga ( Bhadra Kali )
Cause of Establishment:- This is an ancient temple. It was repaired and renovated by Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji of Bikaner. The Maharaja was devoted to Goddess Bhadra Kali, one of the many forms Durga Assumed.
Brief of the Diety:- The idol of Bhadra Kali in red stone in enshrined here.\
Religious sect to which the temple belongs:- The Temple belongs to the Shakti Sect.A 2’6 high stone idol of Kali is built. Around the statue are the ornamented brackets.
Important Architectural Characteristics:- The Temple has a High Shikhar of a rounded shape. While the temple has no circumambulatory path. It has a Sabha Mandapa or a prayer hall. A Verandah, a sacrum sanctorum and a Kitchen are also there. A part from these all time are two rooms.
Festivals & Fairs in Temple (Main Events):- Navaratras in the month of Chaitha and also in the month of Ashwin.
Unique features of the temple:- Bhadrakali is one of the many names of Shri Durga.In argala stotra, this name of Shri Durga has been invoked with Jaymati,Mangale and Kali.Thus Bhadrakali is diffrent from kali in that She accept bhadra(Good)to give it to her devotees.This temple of Bhadrakali is built in the flow area of ghaggar river which is saraswati described in the vedas and puranas.
Parvati or Gauri, the consort of Shiva is a symbol of virtue and devotion and considered a legendary figure for married women. The festival is held in her honour.
Gangaur is the most important local festival in Rajasthan and is celebrated with great enthusiasm. The common belief associated with the festival is that if unmarried girls observe the rituals of this festival they get a nice life partner of their choice. And if the married women observe the same, she is said to be blessed with a happy married life and long life of their husbands.
The celebrations begins almost a fortnight before the main day of the festival. Girls worship the goddess all through the fortnight before the main event day. A group of women from the town hold a procession and carry colorful idols of Gauri. Many people from nearby villages too come to take part in the procession and roam around with them from village to village.
A sense of romance is felt in the atmosphere as the occasion also gives an opportunity to tribal men and women to come in contact with each other, to meet and interact freely; this help them to select partners of their choice and marrying by eloping. It is the unique thing about this festival.
The festival begins from the first day of Chaitra or from the next day of Holi and continues for 18 days. The festival begins with the custom of gathering ashes from the Holi Fire and burying the seeds of barley in it. After it, the seeds are watered everyday awaiting the germination. It is mandatory for a newly-wedded girl to observe the full course of 18 days of the festival and keep fast to ensure her marriage do well. Even unmarried girls fast for the full period of the 18 days and eat only one meal a day.
The idols of Gauri and Isar are dressed in new attires and bejeweled with sparkling ornaments especially made for the occasion. The beautifully decorated statues looks like they are brought to life by these girls and married women. The idols of Isar and Gauri placed on the heads of married women are taken in a procession in the afternoon, to a garden, bawdi or johad or well. Vidaai songs are sung as Gauri departs to her husband’s house. The idol of Gauri was offered water by the ladies present in the procession, they then comes back. On the final day, the procession came to an end with the Visarjaan of all the idols in the waters of a tank or a well. The women bid farewell to Gauri and return back towards their home with teary eyes and in this way Gangaur Festival comes to an end.
India is a land of celebrations. Rarely will you come across lively people across the globe that worship animals and sing hymns in their praise. However, India is an exception and you will find such people in Gogamedi.
Gogamedi fair is celebrated in honor of Serpent God and the celebrations begin on Goga Navmi. The festival is usually held in the month of August - September every year. The festivities are dedicated to Goga Ji Maharaja and are observed with full religious devotion.
Celebrations on Gogamedi Fair
It is usually believed that by chanting the name of Goga Ji Maharaja, anyone suffering from snakebite gets cured. Devotees from all over Rajasthan participate in the fair with enthusiasm and special food items are offered to Goga Ji Maharaja. Delicacies prepared from honey, sugar and coconut are also offered to Goga Ji Maharaja. The traditional ambiance of Rajasthan comes alive to the core on Gogamedi fair as musicians from all over Rajasthan showcase distinct aspects of Rajasthani culture during the fair.
The Relevance of Goga Ji Maharaja
The temple of Goga Ji Maharaja holds special significance for the devotees, be it Hindu, Muslim, Sikhs or Christians. Devotees dressed in yellow clothes come over to the fair from Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. These devotees are referred by the name of Purbiyae in local language. Devotees come along dancing and chanting hyms about the legends of Goga Ji Maharaja and some of them bring snakes along with them. Devotees seek blessings from Goga Ji Maharaja during Gogamedi fair and are blessed with their long cherished wishes.
Gogamedi is a popular fair in Rajasthan and is considered to be a major animal fair in the region. Merchants dealing in animal trade come over to the village during the fair and trading of animals like Camel is done during the fair.
Goga Ji Maharaja was a revered King who was especially popular for his love and devotion towards cows. The devotion with which Goga Ji Maharaja served the cows enabled him to earn the title of Goga Ji. He constructed seven big cowsheds in his kingdom and the cowsheds housed over seven thousand cows.
Legend Behind Being Named Goga Ji
Goga Ji Maharaja was a popular Chauhan clan King in Rajasthan. His original name was Jaharveer. His brothers Archan and Sarchon were bad intentioned men and desired to kill Jaharveer after kidnapping his wife Shreeyal. Jaharveer got to know about the intention of his brothers and killed them. Jarahveer’s mother Banchal could not bear this and directed the King to leave the Kingdom. Thereafter Jaharveer left the Palace and started living in a forest. However, he continued to meet his wife secretly.
Eventually his mother got to know about the meetings among the king and his wife. Jaharveer could not face his mother for disobeying her command of not coming to the palace ever again. He therefore got himself engraved in the ground along with his horse at Gogamedi.
The fair is celebrated ever since as a mark to the brave Chauhan King.